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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 21, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your
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growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. for the seventh day, protesters demonstrate against an anti- islamic video. each of the presidential candidates are promising armageddon if the other wins. but what can each of them achieved? >> this country has become
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essentially ungovernable, with politics as boyz n. >> we have a special report on the population debate in china. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. there were more deadly protests in pakistan today against an anti-islamic some made in america. at least 19 people have been killed and tens of thousands of taken to the streets, burning banks and cinemas and attacking the diplomatic enclave. there were demonstrations in indonesia, iraq, and lebanon. >> in the city of lahore, an ger that could not be contained.
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it quickly became a day of rage. karachi was closed for business, like the rest of the country. >> we would like to show the world that all muslims are united on this. we are ready to die for the profit. -- for the prophet. >> the deadliest uprisings were in karachi. president obama hoped to prevent all this with an ad broadcast on pakastani tv. he condemned the video and emphasize america's commitment to religious tolerance. >> we reject all efforts to denigrate their religious beliefs of others. >> but on the streets of this, but, this was the -- on the streets of islamabad, this was the response. 'american dogs," they chanted.
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and they tried to push forward again security forces. the trouble broke out within the last few minutes. police have opened fire toward protesters to of managed to come through the barricade be buying for the second day running, they have gathered in this area, attempting to reach the u.s. embassy just up the road. >> a battle raged. for many, the attack on their prophet is intolerable. they are willing to risk life and limb to make their point. the interior minister defended the government's decision to make it a public holiday, saying it reduced the numbers on the streets. >> imagine if school were open, jobs were open. who could have handled it?
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at least the police only have one occupation, to handle all these protesters. >> many may say that decision backfired badly, feeding the unrest. by early evening, police were still blocking be road to the u.s. embassy. bbc news. >> for more on this continued violence in america's response, in joined from the state department's, the dean of the johns hopkins school of international studies. we heard orla saying many take these cartoons from france, this film as an insult to the profit mohammad. is that what this is about? or is there more anti-western feeling behind these riots. >> there is anti-western feeling
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in pakistan in particular. there has been anti-american feeling. we forget the two countries are near collapse in the relationship. there was the shooting. the u.s. had to apologize and put pressure over pakistan over the use of drone attacks in northwest pakistan. all of these issues. there was anger in pakistan and now this film is basically provided the release 4. >> we are not hearing the people in the crowd showed "french dogs, french dogs," and yet they had a cartoon about muhamed as well? >> exactly. america symbolizes the west for them. i think this is the first time we're seeing genuine pakastani reaction to policies that have
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gone on for the past year and the worsening of relations between united states and pakistan. >> ok, when you're at the state department, you revise the u.s. government on relations between pakistan and afghanistan. mousavi video president obama put out, this thing -- you saw the video president obama put up, distancing america from the film. does that help? >> it does help. it is the first time united states is taking this kind of innovative pro-active measure. in some ways, you are trying to use this when already a tidal wave has started. it is hard to stop a tidal wave. >> is there anything washington can do? >> keep engaging on an ongoing basis. not this one a crisis happens. also, when we have disagreements with pakastani, we should explain ourselves to them. we should have kept them engaged. where we see the consequences of the collapse of the relationship as we saw today, then we try to
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come up with these measures, and often they are good, but they are too little to late. >> is that the problem? we have a short-term policy? >> we decided we should punish them, put pressure on pakistan. well, it worked to an extent, but the consequences also public anger. >> thank you for coming in. >> thank you. >> to turkey where a court convicted three military officers of attending to overthrow the government. three officers were giving sentences for leading a military coup. but their defense says they were just taking part in the military exercise. we have this report. >> family members of turkish military officers once expected to attend parades, not to riles. but this country has changed. at the court outside istanbul,
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the family sang and bums, but their efforts did not impress the judges -- sang and thumbs, but their efforts did not appear to impress the judges. the prosecution says the retired army commander was the leader of the conspiracy, and the general has been sentenced to 20 years in prison. his former commanders were also given prison terms. in past decades, their predecessors overthrew four governments. the military in turkey no longer has that power. the prime minister was the target of this particular conspiracy. if he felt any satisfaction at the core's rolling, he discussed it. >> i have just been informed of the verdict. for july, i do not know the legal grounds for the verdict.
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without knowing the reason, it would not be right for me to make a statement. also there is the supreme court. all we wish for is a legal decision, but this is not the final decision. familythe officers' members, the court verdict was the son of a witch hunt. for others, it was a sign of the changing balance of power in this country. >> political changes in turkey being watched in washington as well. an israeli soldier and three militants up and killed on the border between israel and egypt keeping israel says the militants were heavily armed and opened fire on soldiers guarding construction workers building an extension of the border fence. one other soldier was wounded in the incident, which comes during a time of growing tension on the border. president bush your al-assad --
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bashir al assad -- the magazine -- they say that they misrepresented the interview. in germany, a halt some in the trial of one of the most wanted nazi war criminals. the court said there was no doubt he died in egypt 20 years ago. here in united states, the presidential races in high gear. today it was the release of mitt .omney's 2011 tax returns republican nominee paid $1.9 million in taxes, working out to our rate of just over 14%. critics say romney should release more returns, but so far he has resisted doing so. if a debate of something so dry
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as tax returns makes people so angry, but there is a wonder if the two sides will ever work together. we have more on where the battle lines are drawn. >> the highs, the lows, the ever-changing landscape of the miami skyline. many small time americans feel that miami it looks to alien, to gleaming. in 2012, as in previous elections, all eyes are on this day. but who cares? or are we missing the bigger picture? this country has essentially become ungovernable. its politics are poisonous. miami-dade colleges the biggest in the nation, 175,000 students, many of them from minorities. all of them poured out on the
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streets in this massive voter registration drive, a drive that comes after court battles over access -- what ideas do you need to vote? how far in advance can you do it? >> the efforts have come from republicans. but in essence, they are suppressing the vote. >> that is what you see its real purpose does? >> exactly. >> on the other side of the fence, they feel equally better, perhaps more so. a conservative talk radio station with an audience has many feel the democrats are trying to steal florida. >> i hope floridians understand that what happens in florida can decide who the next president of
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united states is. >> absolutely. thank you, sir. we appreciate your time. >> i cannot cash a check without a driver's license or federal identification. but we are allowing people to vote to never furnish proof of their identity. >> the late senator daniel moynihan had a message for his citizens. "you are and sidled as americans -- you are entitled as americans do your own opinions. but you are not entitled to your own facts." americans thought carefully about it and decided to take no notice. >> i have the benefit of a lifetime in journalism. most people do not. they are driving down the highway, they want to turn rush limbaugh on the radio. to rant and rave about the welfare state in america. and this is what they felt in their heart -- that is where they are going to go.
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is it changing anybody's mind? no. he is attracting people who think the way he does. >> there's another explanation for america's issues, a simpler one that cries out at you as you drive across florida. it is the economy. this looks back at the last 50 years of american history. the nation has made and spent money, big money. there were good years and there were bad, but the trend, the long-term trend was always up. the republican president could always afford to give a little in public spending. now that is over, perhaps for a long time. the american economy is growing again, but only slowly. and it has trillions of dollars of debt to pay up or pay down. >> the kind of flexibility and the with it was felt, you know, years ago in previous decades under bush and clinton, we no
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longer have that lee witt. we no longer have the cushion of our own prosperity. the battling has gotten worse. absolutely. >> there are some americans to point out this is still an energetic place. that energy does not come from government. in fact, and might come from the lack of it. perhaps we do not need the politicians. america may be forced to find out in the years ahead if that is true. >> maybe politics are bitter when you are fighting over the bills rather than the profits. still to come -- islamic art finds a home in paris and a new wing is unveiled in the louvre museum. it has been home to some of britain's biggest music acts including the beatles and david
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bowie. but emi is being taken over by universal. ♪ go ♪don't let >> kylie minogue is one of their artists. the sex pistols briefly were, but it did not work out. and so, too, the beatles. >> the most exciting aspect of this deal for universal is they own the beatles, the beach boys, and the rolling stone catalogs, the holy trinity of rock-and- roll. >> it was founded in 1987. its famous recording studios opened in 1931. this is for the beatles made their records in the 1960's and
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1970's. and the back catalogs overtaking new music -- that heritage, that history is one argos.s greatest it comes at a cost. parlophone and other labels have to go, because otherwise the merged company would be too powerful. >> ♪ oh, lord, i'm getting ready ♪ >> the question is will they go on investing in new artists? bbc news. >> yesterday, we brought you a
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report from china on the country's aging population. the number of elderly there is expected to double over the next two decades while the working aged up to the nation is declining. latest figures show the chinese birth rate is well below the level needed to keep the population stable. will china's leaders review that controversial policy? our correspondent against the second of his records in the city of shanghai. >> she is just four days old. in her mother's eyes, a little angel. and she will have no brother or sister. she is the one job this family can have. -- one child this family can have. >> we should be allowed at least two. they should change the rules. >> and pressure for changes growing. china may have the world's biggest population, but it means
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babies. the one child policy has been too successful. shanghai has one of the lowest birthrates in the world. it may never recover from it. >> the one child policy would be one of the long-lasting effects of the leadership. name missed their opportunity. they drag their feet. they dropped the ball. >> the rules say if you live in a city, you can have one child on the. unless you are parents of single children. in the countryside, one child if it is a boy. if it is a girl, you can have another. enforcement can be brutal. at an unmarked grave he dug himself, a father mourned his baby, a boy murdered, the family
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say, by officials. >> under the rules, he should be allowed a second. >> when she was six months pregnant, officials forced an abortion. >> my baby did not die immediately. it kept on struggling inside of me. it broke my heart. the next day it was born, still live. it cried. they said, don't look at it or you'll have nightmares. >> this is where the abortion happened. many in china want this harsh policy to end. and this is another reason to scrap it. back straight ultrasound -- back street ultrasound. "can you see the sex of my baby ," she asks. it is illegal to tell her.
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"it is a girl," is the reply. is almost certainly will be aborted. this is to reverse primary school. according huge numbers of baby girls is causing huge problems for the future which the new generation of communist leaders are going to have to face. 10 boys and just to the girl's. in the school, boys outnumber girls by 50%. multiplied that i am million across china. and two will be boys married? -- and who will be boys married? communist leaders are afraid to act, fearing a population explosion. they will have to choose. take a risk or been sold iran with a policy that is increasingly unpopular -- or
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soldier on with a policy that is increasingly unpopular and problematic. >> today in paris, and the new islamic art wing of the blue room -- louvre museum officially open. at comes in a week where protests have been banned in france for fears of a backlash against a cartoon. we have this from paris. >> deliver -- the louvre museum is one of the most popular attractions in paris. there is a new gallery inside this palace of art. the roof seems to float within the neoclassical courtyard, housing the largest collection of islamic art in europe. it is a statement of its determination to stay at the forefront of diplomacy and dialogue with the middle east
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and the arab world. engagement must work both ways, he says. >> after 9/11, all citizens have a duty and responsibility to tell the west about muslims and real islam and out peaceful our religion is. >> on display, art from the seventh century until the 19th century. barge from jewish and christian communities is also included. the gallery shows that there's a lot more to islam than the current conflicts making the headlines. >> there is a distance between the muslim civilization and its contribution to world history. what does that mean now? i mean, you cannot judge the people of the 10th century. it is unfair. >> this gallery shows and islamic culture and
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civilization that is refined, spiritual, and a centuries-old. but 30 minutes north of here, i find myself in a part of the city that is very multi-cultural with many muslims and the living islamic culture which is often at odds with the french state'. at 5 million people, france has europe's largest muslim population. in years past, there have been tensions over the head scarf and of the veil and muslim identity. >> you say, they perceive is, as a cultural element, as an element of history. islamic history directly connects with the local muslim community. >> this gallery has been a decade in the making. while the focus is on the
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radiance of a past civilization, it will escape no one that it opens during a time of real tension between the world of islam and the west. >> politics, religion, and the art. i am katty kay. have a great weekend. thanks for watching. >> makes sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank.
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news at >> funding for this presentation -- at union bank, our relationship managers were car to understand the industry you operate in, providing capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailor solutions for a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented
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